Occasionally the temperature may rise to 100 °F (38 °C) in the summer, whereas frosts occur with more frequency; snow may sometimes fall in the northern counties.
The average summer temperature is 79 °F (26 °C); the winter average is 48 °F (9 °C).
The landscape of Alabama has been the scene of many of the major crises in the settlement of the continent and in the development of the country.
It was a battleground for European powers vying for the lands of the New World, for the fights between the European settlers and the indigenous communities, for the struggles between North and South during the American Civil War, for the civil rights movement, and for other forces of economic and social change that have extensively altered many aspects of the Deep South in the years since the mid-20th century.
Alabama, constituent state of the United States of America, admitted in 1819 as the 22nd state.
Alabama forms a roughly rectangular shape on the map, elongated in a north-south direction.
Alabama is subject to severe weather, especially during the warmer months.
Muscadine and scuppernong grapes and blackberries also flourish.
Beardlike Spanish moss grows in the coastal woodlands. Bluebirds, cardinals, blue jays, mockingbirds, doves, woodpeckers, owls, hawks, yellow-shafted flickers (called yellowhammers in Alabama), and an occasional eagle are found here.
Within this gradation, several relief regions may be distinguished.
Cumberland Plateau region, segmented by upper branches of the Cumberland, Kentucky, and Tennessee river systems, thrusts southward from Tennessee.
Elevations rise to 1,800 feet (550 metres) in the more rugged eastern portions.