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The Huns and Avars also created havoc but eventually became part of the Goths, Slavs and Hungarian people.Another migration wave started from the late 8th century onward, again originating in Scandinavian by people known as Norsemen, Vikings and the Rus ; they settled in Russia, Britain, Normandy and Sicily.Nevertheless, because of its strong military power, there was – for several hundred years – no further mass migration into the Roman Empire.Trade and other opportunities however, did attract people to the border region.They started to form confederations whereby they both fought each other and together they fought the Romans.
The collapse of the Roman Empire was partly due to the fact that a weakening empire could no longer control it borders and this led to more serious invasions and eventually these tribes took over all of the Roman Empire with the exception of the eastern part.
Within the tribal societies there was a very strong sense of local power and the various migrating tribes and sub tribes immediately established their tribal authority in the areas they concurred.
While there certainly was a lot of violence involved, evidence indicates that in most situations the newcomers (often less than 10% of the total local population, sometimes as low as 2%) rapidly integrated with the local population.
By that time the Romans had conquered the Mediterranean and started to move north.
This is when the two groups met and it was the Roman general Gaius Marius who – with their superior army – stopped them in 102BC (Battles of Aquae Sextiae and Vercellae).
They attacked the Romans from their home base of what is now the Alsace and Swiss regions in 357 and 366 but where at both times defeated, only to be successful in the great migration – where they combined forces with the Vandals – which started on the last day of the year 406.